Summation of Polynomial Series

To evaluate any series of the formwe

  1. Expand the brackets and express as a sum of different summation terms. In this case we obtain

  2. Now use use the linearity properties of summation to obtain:

  3. Now use standard formulae to express each term in terms of n.

  1. Add the terms. Expand and simply the expression

Example Prove


2 There are no constants to take out.

3. Use the standard formulae.


  1. Subtract the second and third from the first. Expand and simplify.

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